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Guide to Authors

Submission of manuscript online is highly preferably to hardcopy, as this is easier to assess/process and not costly. However, any other piece that cannot be sent online, the editorial office at ) for the appropriate address or editorial board member to send it to should be contacted.

 A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author same day or within 48 hours.
The cover letter should include the corresponding author's full address and telephone/fax numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file, whose name should begin with the first author's surname, as an attachment.

Types of articles

Three types of manuscripts can be submitted:

Regular articles: These should include new topics and add new information to recent and previous findings. Experimental procedures should be well detailed and lucid for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe the work.

Short Communications: these are meant for the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus. The style of main sections need not conform to that of full-length papers. Short communications are 2 to 4 printed pages (about 6 to 12 manuscript pages) in length.

Review: reviews and perspectives covering various topics are welcomed and encouraged. Reviews should be precise and not more than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews manuscripts are also given to different qualified reviewers.

Review Process

All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers. This is done within the shortest given time. The journal, above all, strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within 3 weeks. The editorial board re-review manuscripts that are accepted until they are revised.

Regular articles

All portions of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should be brief, clear and easy to understand. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.

The Abstract should be a brief summary, stating the necessary contents and points of the entire work. It should give a concise and straight to the point definition or analysis of the each section the work, including the introduction, the scope of the work, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. It should be written in correct and full sentences, active sentences should be used and the
third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. And lastly reference should not be seen in it.

Key words should come after the abstracts and should contain vital words of 3 to 10 words in the work.
Abbreviations according to the authors’ own discretion and style should be used, as long as it is correct and applicable to the work. Each abbreviation should be clearly spelled out and written in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended SI units should be used.

The Introduction should include a clear statement of the subject under discussion, the relevant literature on the subject used, and method of approaching the work and gathering and analysis of findings. It should be clear to various readers at a glance, including those in the field of study and those who are not.

Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

Results should be clearly written for easy understanding and to avoid ambiguity of meaning. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.

The Discussion should give an exposition of the findings of the results obtained in current studies, and comparison be made between it and past studies. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.

The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief. Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

References: In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.

Katzenstein  D, Laga   M, Moatti  JP  (2003).  The   evaluation    of  the  HIV/AIDS   drug  access   inititiatives  in  Côte  d'Ivoire, Senegal  and  Uganda; how access to antiretroviral treatment can become feasible in Africa. AIDS 17: S1–S4.

Koenig S, Léandre F, Farmer P (2004) Scaling-up HIV treatment programmes in resource-limited settings: The rural Haiti experience. AIDS.18: S21–S25.]

Kozal MJ (2009). Drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus. Clin. Microbiol Infect. Suppl 1: 69-73.

Short Communications

Short Communications usually contain two figures and one table. They deal with work that has limited in scope than is found in full-length papers. The differences between full length papers and short communication are: (1) Abstracts are limited to 100 words; (2) instead of a separate Materials and Methods section, experimental procedures may be incorporated into Figure Legends and Table footnotes; (3)
Results and Discussion should be combined into a single section.

Fees and Charges:


There are no page charges or extra charges for colour photographs. Authors are charged a $250.00 handling fee. Publication of an article in the  Business and Management Research Journal is not dependent upon the author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the paper will be accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance) that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special circumstances.